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ITALIAN AGENCY FOR DEVELOPMENT COOPERATIONLebanon and SyriaBeirut Office

AGENZIA ITALIANA PER LA COOPERAZIONE ALLO SVILUPPO  - Libano e Siria - Sede di Beirut | – ITALIAN AGENCY FOR DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION - Lebanon and Syria - Beirut Office Ambasciata d'Italia a Beirut European Union Presidency of the Council of Ministers - Lebanon

In the framework of the relationship with the Italian Military contingent within UNIFIL, considering the efforts deployed for the coordination of the Italian interventions implemented on the Lebanese territory, following a planning process that took place between the different Italian bodies acting in Lebanon and their respective authorities in Italy, an Agreement was signed on 29th January 2009, foreseeing the creation of a Civil-Military Coordination Table on development cooperation and support to civilians in Lebanon. This coordination table is composed of representatives of the Italian Embassy of Italy, Local Technical Unit, Italian NGOs and the Italian Military contingent within UNIFIL. The aim of such Table is to consolidate the discussion as well as the modalities of coordination and cooperation between the civil and military authorities in Lebanon. It also aims to increase the effectiveness of the interventions carried out in the country, while creating specific synergies able to endorse the "peace mission” of the Italian contingent in Lebanon.

The Coordination Table meets every two months in order to facilitate the strategic programming of the partners and to allow a rapid exchange of information regarding the ongoing cooperation initiatives or those going to be implemented. Recently the opportunities for discussion have increased, based on a common analysis of the Syrian emergency in Lebanon, aiming to implement synergic interventions to support the Municipalities in the South affected by the crisis, and concerning the co-funding of a component of the "Project for the Preservation of Chamaa Castel in South Lebanon” (internal link), currently in phase of implementation.

http://unifil.unmissions.org/


The Italian Cooperation in Lebanon, through the Italian Embassy and the Local Technical Unit (UTL), has taken on the role of facilitator in the framework of the ENPI (European Neighborhood and Partnership Instrument) Program - the outcome of the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) supported by a total budget of over 12 billion and 250 million euros for a five-year period (2007-2013). The pertaining activities have been achieved by developing synergies and collaboration mechanisms between Italy and Lebanon, fostering the participation of Lebanese and Italian authorities. Moreover, the Italian Cooperation will ensure similar support within the next European program, known as the "Single Support Framework for EU Support to Lebanon (SSF)”, an operational plan for development cooperation for the period 2014-16, adopted in July 2014. The SSF has a budget of between 130 and 159 million euro for the 3-year period 2014-2016. The aforementioned financial resources cover the four priority fields of intervention (as already indicated by the "Action Plan for EU-Lebanon Partnership and Cooperation 2013-15”):

· Reform in the framework of justice and of the security system: 15%;

· Strengthening the social cohesion. Promotion of the sustainable economic development and of the protection of vulnerable groups: 40%;

· Promotion of a transparent and sustainable management of energy and natural resources: 20%;

· Collateral (and cross-sectional) support for the development of the capacities of the State administrations and support to the civil society: 25%.

http://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/lebanon/index_en.htm



The International Organizations are funded since 2012 in Jordan, aiming at implementing initiatives addressed to support and protect the Syrian refugees in the country as well as to strengthen the local institutions involved in the management of the flow of persons (refugees, migrants, etc.).

UNHCR – supports a program for primary and secondary health for Syrian refugees:

http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49e486566.html

UNICEF – supports initiatives of childhood protection:

http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/jordan.html

WFP – supports the program for the distribution of meals and food vouchers for Syrian refugees:

https://www.wfp.org/countries/jordan

ICRC – supports the initiatives for hosting and protecting the refugees in the country:

https://www.icrc.org/en/where-we-work/middle-east/jordan

IOM – carry out projects for the improvement of the capacities of the local authorities in managing the trafficking of persons and assists the voluntary repatriation:

http://www.jordan.iom.int/

UN Women – supporting women refugees and Jordanian women in terms of assistance, empowerment and GBV:

http://jordan.unwomen.org/en

UNRWA – supporting palestinian camps’ management, emergency programmes:

http://www.unrwa.org/where-we-work/jordan


Furthermore, the Italian Cooperation, and in the framework of the activities funded through the bilateral channel, has built a second level health structure at the Syrian refugee camp of Azraq, currently managed by the International Federation of the Red Cross (IFRC)

IFRC:

https://www.ifrc.org/en/noticias/noticias/middle-east-and-north-africa/jordan/

Since its establishment in Lebanon in 2007, the Italian Cooperation has worked closely with the different UN agencies active in the country (FAO, UNDP, UNFPA, UNESCO, ILO, IAM Bari, UNICEF, UN-Habitat, UNMAS, UNHCR, PAM, OIM), both through the funding and/or co-funding of their initiatives and acting as a bridge between UN agencies and the various local authorities.

Among the ongoing projects is the UNIDO program, CELEP -"Community Empowerment and Livelihoods Enhancement Project", aiming to improve the competitiveness of the cultural and creative enterprises in the South Mediterranean countries through innovative projects addressed to new markets.

Amid the 22,4 million of euros allocated since 2012 to the Italian Cooperation in Lebanon as part of the response to the Syrian crisis, around 12,7 million represent the contribution disbursed to UNHCR, UNICEF, UNDP, ILO and ICRC for the distribution of basic necessity goods for the improvement of hygiene and health services, increasing the access to education and psychosocial services and at the same time ensuring a suitable support to the Lebanese host communities.

Furthermore, it’s important to highlight the collaboration with UNRWA. Such collaboration has led to a gradual increase of the Italian commitment to improving the living conditions of the Palestinian refugees in 12 refugee camps in the country as well as of the Lebanese population living in the camps’ adjacent areas.


 

FAO (Food Agricultural Organization):

http://www.fao.org/countryprofiles/index/en/?lang=en&ISO3=LBN

Syria: http://www.fao.org/countryprofiles/index/en/?iso3=SYR&subject=1

 

UNDP (UN Development Programme): http://www.lb.undp.org

Syria: http://www.sy.undp.org/

 

UNFPA (UN Population Fund): http://www.unfpa.org.lb/

Syria: http://www.unfpa.org/emergencies/crisis-syria

 

UNESCO (UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization):http://www.unesco.org/new/en/beirut/home/

 

UNIDO (UN Industrial Development Organization): http://www.un.org.lb/Subpage.aspx?pageid=50

 

ILO (International Labour Organization): http://www.ilo.org.lb/

 

IAM Bari: http://www.iamb.it/

UNICEF (UN Children’s Fund): http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/lebanon.html

 

IDLO: http://www.idlo.int/

 

UN Habitat: http://unhabitat.org/lebanon/

UNMAS (UN Mine Action Service): http://www.mineaction.org/unmas

 

UNHCR (The UN Refugee Agency): http://www.unhcr.org/pages/4a02db416.html

 

PAM (World Food Programme): http://www.un.org.lb/Subpage.aspx?pageid=395

 

IOM (International Organization for Migration): http://www.iom.int/cms/en/sites/iom/home.html

 


Nine Italian NGOs are currently present and active in Jordan, many of which were already active in the country even before the beginning of the Syrian Crisis. It is therefore possible to count on the excellent knowledge of the country's NGOs, a good relationship established with the authorities and with the civil society, proven capacity of creating partnership with new institutional actors. The rest of the NGOs arrived in Jordan during the past three years.

Among the NGOs present in Jordan, some are benefitting or have benefitted from the funds of the Italian Cooperation (e.g. AVSI, ICU, INTERSOS, TdH Italia, UPP), while the others use their own funds or the funds of other donors. All the Italian NGOs work in close coordination with the Cooperation Office of the Embassy of Italy in Amman.

ARCS: http://www.arciculturaesviluppo.it/

AVSI: http://www.avsi.org/

CISP: http://www.developmentofpeoples.org/site/intro

EPOS: http://www.eposweb.org/

ICU: http://www.icu.it/

INTERSOS: http://www.intersos.org/

Terre des Hommes Italia: http://terredeshommes.it/

Un Ponte Per…: http://www.unponteper.it/

Vento di Terra: http://www.ventoditerra.org/

Within the mosaic of cultural, political and religious diversities which represents both a stronghold, but at the same time are the cause of the Lebanese fragility, Italian NGOs have been able to achieve a strategic position by spreading their activities throughout numerous local actors, regardless of their religious and/or political affiliation. The presence of the Italian voluntary activities in Lebanon is clear proof that the relations between the two countries are not recent, but historical, especially after the eruption of the civil war.

Following the war in the summer of 2006, an Emergency initiative was launched in Lebanon for: Rehabilitation, Employment, Services, Development (known as Ross program). The latter allowed the implementation of projects conducted by more than 20 Italian NGOs with an amount of 30 million euros, ensuring an immediate response to the needs of the population and strengthening a network of relations based on confidence, dialogue, appreciation and mutual collaboration between Italian NGOs, Lebanese institutions and civil society.

Following the end of the post-emergency phase, various NGOs left the country. However, the conservation of relations with local partners, along with the continuous dialogue with the Local Technical Unit - UTL of Beirut, allowed the Italian NGOs to restart their activities within a short period, when the Syrian Crisis caused a new emergency starting from 2012.

Currently 16 Italian NGOs are present in Lebanon, in charge of carrying out emergency and development projects, employing 60 Italian persons and nearly five hundred local and international workers. The coordination between the 16 NGOs is ensured by the NGO Platform for the Middle East and the Mediterranean, established with the aim of optimizing the Italian activities in the country, through periodic meetings with the UTL of Beirut.


ARCS: http://www.arciculturaesviluppo.it/libano















The main institutional partner involved in planning activities is the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation (MOPIC), in charge of coordinating all the interventions implemented in order to tackle the Syrian crisis. An ad hoc platform had been established within the MOPIC called the Jordan Response Platform for the Syrian Crisis (JRPSC), considered as a strategic partner for the launching of a coherent and effective response to the needs of the refugees and of the host communities, through development initiatives for the medium and long term. Through its Secretariat, the platform organizes the operational instruments necessary for the optimization of the aids effectiveness and efficiency, to promote the transparency of the financial flow and simplify the procedures for the approval of the projects, verifying their relevance to the general action plan (as well as the appeal) jointly elaborated by the UN agencies, donors, International and National NGOs, established by the Jordan Response Plan for the Syria Crisis 2015 – (JRP).

In the framework of the projects in the sector of health implemented by the Cooperation Office of the Embassy of Italy in Amman, that are in direct management, the Royal Medical Service is a main partner, responsible of the Management of the field Italian/Jordanian policlinic at the Syrian refugee camp of Za’tari.

MOPIC: http://www.mop.gov.jo/Default.aspx

SECRETARIAT: http://www.jrpsc.org/

RMS: http://www.jrms.gov.jo/Default.aspx?tabid=54

Department for Palestinian Affairs (DPA) – partner for initiatives supporting palestinian refugees in Jordan: http://dpa.gov.jo/en/index.php

 

Since 2006, the Italian Cooperation in Lebanon has been maintaining a constant relationship with the Lebanese local institutions, aiming to strengthen the Lebanese Government and supporting it for the elaboration and implementation of the national strategy for the reconstruction and development of the country. In particular, the Italian Cooperation has decisively ensured technical assistance to the Council for Development and Reconstruction (CDR) - the public authority established in 1977 in charge of the reconstruction and development activities and the executive body acting on behalf of the government for the implementation of infrastructure projects planned by the Protocols signed between Italy and Lebanon.

Thanks to the work carried out in these years, the Italian Cooperation has gained a technical and operational recognition in the country and is considered by various Lebanese ministries (Social Affairs, Environment, Agriculture, Interior and Municipalities) as a Lead Donor.

Governo Libanese: http://www.pcm.gov.lb/arabic/index.aspx?pageid=5

CDR: http://www.cdr.gov.lb/