the last four years, Jordan has received at least 626 thousand Syrians (52% of
which, children). At the moment, Syrians represent about 14% of the total
population. The widening of the conflict
scenario has also generated a further influx of refugees from Iraq (22,000 new
arrivals during 2014, bringing the number of Iraqis in the country to about
45,000), with a further 15,000 Syrians of Palestinian origin who despite
falling under the protection mandate of UNRWA are a further burden on the
already fragile social and economic welfare of the country.
vast majority (85%) of the refugees are distributed on the national territory
and hosted in the rural and urban communities, whilst the remaining 15% are
staying in camps purposely set up. The camp of
Za'atari currently hosts about 84,000 Syrians, that of Azraq 15,500 and
the Jordanian-UAE camp counts about 5,100 persons.
of the estimated 230,000 school-age children not more than 55% are actually
enrolled in school, while a minimum percentage participate in activities of
informal education, and at least another 70,000 children have no access to any
kind of education. The food security of the refugees is seriously threatened by
the fund shortage of WFP for the distribution of food stamps. About 180,000
people have left the WFP support network, resulting in a growing vulnerability which
in some cases has even led some to return to Syria.
to the Jordanian Government, in order for the country to cope with this crisis,
an amount of about $ 2 billion (Jordan Response Plan 2015) is needed, of which at least 1.15 billion for
the direct support of the state budget.
the end of 2012 until now, Italy has contributed to the humanitarian emergency
response in Jordan with about 11.2 M
€ through: contributions to the International Organizations (UNHCR, WHO, WFP,
UNICEF, IOM, UN Women, CICR), the equipment of a field polyclinic in Za’tari
camp and the construction of a hospital in Azraq camp (managed by FICROSS), in
addition to other interventions directly implemented or entrusted to Italian
NGOs present in the country. The most targeted sectors of intervention include
health and protection of the most vulnerable groups (women and children) in
line with the priorities of the Italian Cooperation, the Government of Jordan
and the international community.