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AGENZIA ITALIANA PER LA COOPERAZIONE ALLO SVILUPPO  - Libano e Siria - Sede di Beirut | – ITALIAN AGENCY FOR DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION - Lebanon and Syria - Beirut Office Ambasciata d'Italia a Beirut European Union Presidency of the Council of Ministers - Lebanon

Infrastructures in Lebanon

Infrastructures in Lebanon

At the end of the civil war, the conditions of water supply and sewage disposal systems in Lebanon were tragic. The damages to the infrastructure and the impossibility of guaranteeing the maintenance of the installations during the war, deeply jeopardized their function. The population had access to less than 50% of the largely polluted, available water resources in the country. The rehabilitation and the strengthening of the systems is one of the main objectives of the activities for the reconstruction of the country. Until today, the situation seems dire. The availability of water per capita is roughly 60 liters/day versus a demand of about 160 liters/day per person. The deficiency of the services is caused by the improper management and maintenance of the infrastructure, by the severe problems as well as by the financial and institutional constraints.

In May 2000, the Lebanese Parliament promulgated a law in the water sector (Water Law 221/2000) that redefined the role of the Ministry of Energy and Water (MoEW), and made the Water Establishments, known as the operational arm of the MoEW, autonomous and rationalized. At the same time, the CDR, established in 1977, is still considered as the public authority in charge of the international funds for the implementation of the main infrastructure projects, and is the body responsible for executing the aid credit programs funded by the Italian Government.