At the end of the
civil war, the conditions of water supply and sewage disposal systems in
Lebanon were tragic. The damages to the infrastructure and the impossibility of
guaranteeing the maintenance of the installations during the war, deeply
jeopardized their function. The population had access to less than 50% of the largely
polluted, available water resources in the country. The rehabilitation and the
strengthening of the systems is one of the main objectives of the activities
for the reconstruction of the country. Until today, the situation seems dire.
The availability of water per capita is roughly 60 liters/day versus a demand of
about 160 liters/day per person. The deficiency of the services is caused by
the improper management and maintenance of the infrastructure, by the severe
problems as well as by the financial and institutional constraints.
In May 2000, the
Lebanese Parliament promulgated a law in the water sector (Water Law 221/2000)
that redefined the role of the Ministry of Energy and Water (MoEW), and made
the Water Establishments, known as the operational arm of the MoEW, autonomous
and rationalized. At the same time, the CDR, established in 1977, is still
considered as the public authority in charge of the international funds for the
implementation of the main infrastructure projects, and is the body responsible
for executing the aid credit programs funded by the Italian Government.